[Finlande] Armée de terre

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Finland is Buying Dutch Leopards for €200 Million

Finland and the Netherlands have agreed to transfer most of the remaining stock of Dutch Leopard 2A6 Main Battle Tanks (MBT) to Finland over a period of four years, for amount around €200 million. Defence Minister Carl Haglund has approved the acquisition of last thursday. Under the agreement Finland will procure 100 Leopard 2A6 tanks from the with the Netherlands, along with logistics package and spare parts sustaining 10 years of operations. The agreement is expected to be signed by on 20 January in the Netherlands by Haglund and his Dutch counterpart, Jeanine Hennis-Plasschaert. Deliveries will commence in 2015 and continue through 2019. the project will secure the Army’s ability to attack highly 2030s.

Through this acquisition Finland will be able to upgrade its armoured corps, currently using Leopard 2A4. According to Finish armed forces sources As the acquisition has been included in the funding program it wil not require additional resources outside the funds already budgeted for force modernization. According to the military planning, the upgrading of existing Leopard 2A4 into 2A6 level would have cost €5 million per tank, while the procurement of new production tanks would cost about €10 million. According to Finnish military sources the Dutch tanks being procured were upgraded to the 2A6 standard in the mid 2000s, and their performance in mobility, protection and firepower is significantly better than the current tanks operated by the Finnish military.



Modifié par actyon
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Nouveaux filets de camouflage pour l'armée finnoise :

Fibrotex Technologies Awarded Long-Term Contract for Multispectral Camouflage Systems by Finnish MOD

(Source: Fibrotex Technologies; issued January 20, 2014)

PETAH TIKVA, Israel --- Fibrotex Technologies - a leading designer, developer, and manufacturer of advanced static and mobile camouflage and deception systems for armies and security forces worldwide -was recently awarded a long-term contract to manufacture and supply thousands of advanced multispectral camouflage systems to the Finnish Defense Forces.

Fibrotex successfully competed with other global suppliers to win the tenders for all four types of camouflage systems. The total value of the project could reach over €35,000,000, with the first systems to be supplied in the near future.

Fibrotex' multispectral camouflage systems protect against various sensors in a variety of ranges, including UV, Visual, Near-Infrared, Thermal, and Radar. The systems that will be supplied to the Finnish MOD are reversible (double-sided), with each side providing a different camouflage coverage (snow/woodland/urban, etc.). The systems were developed to meet the camouflage properties and extreme environmental conditions of the Scandinavian area.

Adi Blum, Owner and CEO of Fibrotex, said, "We feel great pride to have been awarded this strategic project, with its leading-edge technical requirements. The Finnish Army Material Command has been a valued customer of ours since 2006, and we are delighted with this award and committed to ensuring that this partnership will continue for years to come".

Fibrotex Technologies is a worldwide leader in the Camouflage, Concealment and Deception domain. The company has been developing and manufacturing Signature Management Systems for Armies and Special Forces around the globe for more than 40 years.

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Finns May Turn to Russia for Tactical Missile System

Apr. 3, 2014 - 04:33PM | By GERARD O’DWYER

Finland has lost interest in buying Lockheed Martin's MGM-140 Army Tactical Missile System (ATACMS) and may opt instead for the more affordable, Russian-built Iskander-E. (US Army)

HELSINKI — The likelihood of Finland acquiring a new surface-to-surface missile system from Russia has increased following a preliminary decision by the Finance Ministry here to opt for a more up-to-date and cost-efficient launcher-fired tactical missile.

The ministry’s decision happens against a backdrop where the government has announced more than $3 billion in public spending cuts across various departments as the government struggles to tame rising national debt.

The search for a “more cost-efficient” tactical missile means that Finland has effectively dropped its interest in Lockheed Martin’s surface-to-surface MGM-140 Army Tactical Missile System (ATACMS) for the Finnish Army.

Finland’s Ministry of Defense had signaled interest in acquiring the ATACMS as recently as January, setting aside a budget of about $140 million for the purpose. The ATACMS has a range of up to 188 miles (300 kilometers).

“The missile project has been put on hold due to budgetary reasons, and due to the high unit price,” said Arto Koski, a commercial adviser attached to the MoD’s Material and Projects Unit. “The ATACMS is a very expensive and relatively old system. We must now evaluate our entire material development.”

The focus has shifted, Koski said, to acquiring a surface-to-surface missile solution that is “more modern and affordable. We know of alternatives that would fulfill the same technological need.”

Finland’s interest in ATACMS peaked in mid-2012, when negotiations with the US culminated in a congressional permit to purchase up to 70 tactical missiles. Finland had earlier agreed to acquire US joint air-to-surface stand-off missiles for the Finnish Air Force’s upgraded F-18 Hornet fighter jets.

The prospect of an ATACMS deal heightened in 2006, when the Finnish Army acquired a second-hand M270 multiple launch rocket system (MLRS) from the Netherlands for $62 million. A further $50 million was spent to render the MLRS launchers compatible with ATACMS missiles. Because the M270 launchers contain US technology, Finland sought and received US congressional approval for the acquisition.

The possibility that Finland, a neutral country, may turn to Russia for a surface-to-surface missile has increased following an agreement between the two countries last June to look at practical ways to cooperate on weapon purchases, sales and, in the case of Finland, offering subcontracting capacity to Russia’s equipment modernization programs.

The agreement was reached following talks between Finland’s MoD and Russian Defense Minister Sergei Shoigu during a visit here last May. In the months that followed, separate working groups were established in each country to examine potential areas for commercial cooperation and to evaluate those areas offering the highest potential.

An updated export version of the Iskander-E surface-to-surface missile is among the list of weapon systems, which includes combat aircraft, that Russia wants to sell to Finland. The Iskander-E has a range comparable to ATACMS, but Finland could expect to acquire the Russian system at a lower cost.

Finland traditionally obtained most of its big-ticket defense systems from the Soviet Union under a bilateral trade agreement that lapsed following the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991. Systems acquired under this arrangement included MiG-21 fighter jets, Mi-8 helicopters and the BUK air-to-air missile system.

The near-obsolete BUK system is to be replaced by four batteries of the Norwegian-developed NASAMS II missile system beginning in 2015

After 1991, Finland switched to Western suppliers for its big-ticket procurements, acquiring 64 McDonnell Douglas F/A-18C and D Hornet fighters in 1992. ■


Modifié par Serge
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Les Leopard-2A6 sont arrivés :

First Leopard 2A6 tanks Finland acquired from the Netherlands have arrived

By Dylan Vosman - May 16, 2015


Veli-Pekka Kivimäki

First 20 out of 100 Leopard 2A6 tanks Finland acquired from the Netherlands have arrived. The main battle tanks acquired from Holland will be delivered to Finland between 2015 and 2019. The purchase price is 199,9 million Euro. The acquisition will secure the striking force of the Army until the 2030’s.

This acquisition does not require any extra financing but is included in the budget planned for the defence administration.

Other options for this acquisition would have been to upgrade the life cycle for the Leopard 2A4 main battle tanks that the Finnish Defence Forces use today or to buy new main battle tanks. The cost for a life cycle upgrade of the Leopard 2A4 main battle tanks to Leopard 2A6 level would have been approx. 5 million Euro per tank and for acquiring new Leopard main battle tanks approx. 10 million Euro per tank.

The used Leopard 2A6 main battle tanks that will now be acquired were modernized between 2000 and 2006 and their performance is considerably better than the performance of the main battle tanks now in use by the Finnish Army. The new main battle tanks have greater fire-power, better developed ballistic protection and a system for the leader to independently act in the dark as well as an inside splinter protection.

The main battle tank acquisition also includes spare parts for ten years, inside simulators, maintenance simulators, special tools and testing equipment as well as ammunition.

The Leopard 2A4 main battle tanks that the Finnish Defence Forces use today will continue to be in operative use and be used by the reserve until the end of their life cycle. They will also be used for driver’s training and as spare parts for the new main battle tanks.

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Intérieur du BMP-2 MD, poste pilote :


Poste tireur :


Les éléments modernisés :

Finland is upgrading its infantry fighting vehicles BMP-2, and starts in 2015 year and lasts until 2019. Upgrades for model BMP-2 MD (FIN) include integral camouflage netting, thermal imaging sight for the gunner and optical AA sight, new periscopes and infrared cameras pointing front and back of the hull. Intercom and radios will be upgraded as well and such convenience features added as internal cabin heater and heated seats.

Modifié par Serge
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Il faut noter plusieurs petites choses à cet instant. Les Leopard-2A6 Fin n'ont pas reçu :

- le camouflage trois tons ;

- l'immatriculation (ce sera Ps___-__. A voir si le chiffre 273 qui désigne le A4 est gardé.) ;

- le système radio VRC-959.

Au niveau marquage opérationnel, les finlandais utilisent les couleurs de carte.

Il faudra voir les modifications qu'ils apporteront et surtout s'ils gardent les MAG-58. Sur les Leopard-2A4, ils ont les MG3 sachant qu'en mitrailleuse ils ont surtout de la PKM. Vont-ils garder des micro-parcs?

Vont-ils changer les lance-pots fumigènes ?

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Actualité finnoise de l'année, la modernisation du Rk-62 pour aller jusqu'en 2030 :

Finland Gives Up New Rifle Program, Will Modernize Rk. 62 to Serve Until 2035

By Dylan Vosman - Aug 13, 2015


The Finnish Commander of the Army has announced that the Nordic country will not be purchasing 5.56mm replacements for their existing 7.62x39mm caliber Rk. 62 rifles, but instead will seek to upgrade the venerable Kalashnikov-based Valmet. reports (machine translation below):

commander of the Finnish Army, Lieutenant General Seppo Toivonen said that Finland plans to resign from purchasing until the end of the decade a new, individual arms. Until now, the search for a successor was assumed previously used design, powered cartridge 7.62 mm x 39, through new models of firing ammunition 5.56 mm x 45 NATO standard in countries belonging to NATO and the widespread of the world ( Finnish ARX 160? , 2014 -11-29). Such rifles, in a small number will get only special forces soldiers for which you purchased the Belgian FN SCAR-L ( Weapons for Finnish commandos , 2014-03-13). The army decided that our old rifle, it is still an effective weapon that meets the requirements of the battlefield, so it will be used for a long time in the future, said gen. Toivonen. Thus confirmed previous reports that the Ministry of Defense in April that is widely used in Finnish armed forces RK 62 automatic rifles remain in service even until 2035.

The army will have to cope with financial constraints and their implications for defense. Over the next few years we will have analyzed how many of the older kinds of weapons will be able to continue to be used and then selected to be the priorities of modernization, said the commander of land forces.

Nevertheless, introduced in 1965. RK 62 automatic rifle with milled castle chamber (and its variants: RK 62 TP with a folding stock; RK 62 VV with a lateral assembly to night vision devices, RK 62 TP VV assembly and folding stock), developed on the basis of the Soviet AK (some sources state that as a reference constructions were used models of contemporary Polish PMK, produced under license in Radom), will be slightly modified. Changes may also include RK 62-76 / TP with the pumped chamber of the castle, produced in 1977-1982. By the end of the year created 200 prototypes of modernized rifles, which are to receive the name of the RK 62M. Weapons testing, made by the first soldiers from the new collection, to be launched in 2016.

The weapons are equipped with a stock of adjustable length, and also obtain a new, more convenient sling in place of previously used simple strip of leather. In addition, RK 62M will be provided with a supplementary universal mounting rail STANAG 4694 standard (compatible with older STANAG 2324, the US MIL-STD-1913, popularly referred to as Picatinny ) located above the chamber castle.Before bed, on the basis of midges or directly on the barrel, it is to be located optional aluminum mounting with three short pieces of rail, located throughout the sides and bottom. The top rail is used for mounting the optical and optoelectronic sights and thermal imaging equipment and nokto-, side – for mounting flashlights, laser indicators and backlights purpose.

Modifié par Serge
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Présentation devant le supermarché du coin en 2012 :



Ce lanceur de pont utilise les travures Legan. Il est fabriqué à partir d'un Leo-2A4 détourellé auquel est rajouté le module de lancement. Dans la transformation, le rack à munitions à gauche du pilote fait place au poste de chef d'engin. On voit ses épiscopes et son volet.




Leopard-2A4. Celui-ci est le 125, sachant qu'il y en a eu 126 d'achetés.

Les soldats portent le camouflage hiver.



Là, le soldat porte les deux camouflages, hiver et été.

Modifié par Serge
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Une belle découverte ce matin :


et dire que les ItPsv-90 ont été stockés "mob" quelque temps. Là, la posture change. 

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