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[Australie] Le corps blindé mécanisé australien

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Afin de discuter des programmes de blindés lourds australiens, voici un nouveau sujet.

Nous avons déjà des sujets ouverts dédies :

- au programme Auverlander

- au Bushmasteré-de-thales-australia/

- à l'armée de terre australienneée-de-terre-australienne/

Edited by Serge

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L'Australie renforce sa flotte de dépanneurs Hercule :

Australia - M88A2 Hercules Heavy Recovery Vehicles


The State Department has made a determination approving a possible Foreign Military Sale to Australia for M88A2 Hercules Heavy Recovery Vehicles and associated equipment, parts and logistical support for an estimated cost of $47 million. The Defense Security Cooperation Agency delivered the required certification notifying Congress of this possible sale today.

The Government of Australia has requested a possible sale of up to 6 M88A2 Hercules Heavy Recovery Vehicles, 7 Force XXI Battle Command, Brigade & Below (FBCB2)/Blue Force Trackers (BFT), AN/PSN-13(V) Global Positioning System (GPS) Defense Advanced GPS Receivers (DAGR), AN/VAS-5 Driver Vision Enhancers (DVE), AN/VRC-92F with RT-1523F Single Channel Ground and Airborne Radio Systems (SINCGARS), Commander’s Weapon Station assemblies, remote thermal sights, radio harnesses , M239 Grenade Launchers, maintenance support devices, Deep Water Fording Kits, spare and repair parts, supply and test equipment, personnel training and training equipment, publications and technical documentation, United States Government and contractor engineering, logistics, and technical support services, and other related elements of logistics support. The estimated cost for up to six M88A2s, support and services is $47 million.

This sale will contribute to the foreign policy and national security of the United States by helping to improve the security of a major contributor to political stability, security, and economic development in Southeast Asia. Australia is an important ally and partner that contributes significantly to peacekeeping and humanitarian operations around the world. It is vital to the U.S. national interest to assist our ally in developing and maintaining a strong and ready self-defense capability. This proposed sale is consistent with these objectives and facilitates burden sharing with a key ally.

The proposed sale will enhance Australia’s capability to conduct heavy ground operations. Australia will use this equipment to support its deterrent capabilities against regional threats and to strengthen its homeland defense. Australia, which currently operates M88A2s, will have no difficulty absorbing these additional M88A2s into its inventory.

The proposed sale of this equipment and support will not alter the basic military balance in the region.

The principal contractor will be the BAE Systems in York, Pennsylvania. There are no known offset agreements proposed in connection with this potential sale.

Implementation of this proposed sale will not require the assignment of any additional U.S. Government or contractor representatives to Australia.

There will be no adverse impact on U.S. defense readiness as a result of this proposed sale.

This notice of a potential sale is required by law and does not mean the sale has been concluded.

Source : Defense Security Cooperation Agency (DSCA)

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A propos du remplacement des ASLAV et M113 :

Australian Defence Minister urges local firms to compete for Land 400 Army vehicle tender

Australian Defence Minister Kevin Andrews says tenders will open shortly for a $10 billion project replacing the Army's ground fleet. The Land 400 program includes design, engineering and manufacturing of the next generation of military combat vehicles.

The Army said the new vehicles will offer capabilities for fighting, reconnaissance, support and training, and allow a staged retirement of light armoured vehicle and armoured personnel carrier fleets. Army’s core business is the conduct of sustained close combat. Only Army conducts this task in the Australian Defence Force (ADF) on behalf of Government. LAND 400 delivers part of that capability and is replacing some of the capability we already have – ASLAV and M113AS4 – in accordance with good military practice.

LAND 400 will deliver a Combat Reconnaissance Vehicle (CRV), an Infantry Fighting Vehicle (IFV), a Manoeuvre Support Vehicle (MSV) and an Integrated Training System (ITS).

LAND 400 will allow a staged retirement of the in-service Australian Light Armoured Vehicle (ASLAV), derivated from the amercian LAV 25, and the M113AS4 Armoured Personnel Carrier fleets in line with their technical Life of Type and reducing tactical utility in the contemporary operational environment that involves increasing levels of lethality and complexity.

The highest priority for Army is to replace the ASLAV fleet with a CRV due to obsolescence factors that constrain tactical employment and increase the cost of ownership. These obsolescence factors cannot be mitigated through upgrade and without replacement starting in 2020, a capability gap will result.

Cities including Geelong and Adelaide have been promoting their manufacturing capabilities ahead of the process, to make up for job losses in the automotive industry.

In February 16, Mr Andrews met with industry representatives in Geelong and told them to join together to compete for the contract. "We will be shortly making an announcement about the tender process then there'll be a proper open tender process," he said. "One of the important things about this is that one of the things that will be looked at is the Australian industry involvement in any successful tender.

"We are keen to ensure that and my visit here is to send the message to local industry: get involved, be part of the tender process because there is a real consideration in this process for Australian involvement."

Last week, the Federal Government was pressed to clarify the future of Australia's multi-billion-dollar submarines contract. In the lead-up the party room vote on his leadership, Prime Minister Tony Abbott reassured South Australian Liberal senator Sean Edwards that Australia's shipbuilding company ASC would be allowed to compete.

In the election campaign the Coalition promised that the next fleet of submarines would be built by ASC but it has since opened the way for foreign companies to win the contract, triggering speculation that Japan is the frontrunner.

The Opposition pressed the Government over the issue, asking when Mr Abbott would deliver that promise given South Australia's latest jobless figure of 7.3 per cent.

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Published: Thursday, 19 February 2015 09:44

Australia officially opens up tender for next-generation light armoured vehicle

The Australian Defense Ministry officially opened tender for the replacement of its ageing Australian Light Armoured Vehicles (ASLAV). Defence Minister Kevin Andrews made the announcement at the Puckapunyal military base south of Seymour. On his first visit to the complex since becoming Defence Minister, Mr Andrews promised that locally sourced content will be made “part of the criteria in the selection process”.

Australia_officially_opens_up_tender_forAustralian Army's ASLAV-25 Light Armored Vehicle

Australia’s military is planning to replace many of its armored vehicles, some of which date back to the Vietnam War, and has invited proposals for a new-style combat-reconnaissance truck and new armored troop transports for its so-called Land 400 project.

Tender applicants will have to prove the ability to produce 225 armoured vehicles capable of carrying up to 35 tonnes as part of Army Land 400 project. Total amount of this procurement tender is valued at US$8 bn.

Australia’s current fleet of light armored vehicles will reach the end of its life by around 2021, Defense Minister Kevin Andrews said in a statement Thursday.

“The government is committed to replacing and enhancing the army’s fleet of combat vehicles and other land force capabilities to best protect our soldiers,” Mr. Andrews said.

American defense giants such as Boeing and General Dynamics are expected to vie for the Australian contract with Lockheed Martin, along with France’s Thales, Britain’s BAE and Germany’s Rheinmetall AG .

The current phase of the Land 400 project will focus on replacing the Australian Light Armoured Vehicle (or ASLAV), whereas the yet-to-be-approved third phase will replaced the army’s outdated armoured personnel carriers.

“Armoured vehicles have sat of the heart of the way we operate” said Chief of Army Lt-Gen David Morrison. “The ASLAVs are our most versatile vehicle, but at the moment it doesn’t have the blast protection to survive in the modern battlespace.”

The current 253 ASLAV vehicules came into operation in 1994.

Edited by Serge

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Ce VBCI avec tourelle de 40, parfait pour le futur appel d'offres australien, non ?

La question porte sur deux éléments séparés que sont le châssis et la tourelle.

Pour le châssis, voir ceci :

Pour la tourelle :

Il faut que les australiens expriment l'effet qu'ils en attendent. Pour ce qui relève du châssis, comme la menace mine est systématique et que les roquettes se sont multipliées, le châssis va être gros. La cible des 30t (comme précisé dans l'article supra) est sans surprise.

Actuellement, la situation australienne est très simple du point de vue de l'armement. En regroupant la totalité du parc ASLAV et M113AS, on ne trouve que deux choses :

- environ 130 canons automatiques de 25mm sur tourelles biplaces. Ils sont chez les ASLAV-25.

- tout le reste, c'est de la 12,7mm en trois variantes (tourelle monoplace chez les M113AS4, teleopéré ou sur circulaire.)

On remarque donc qu'ils ont un manque de puissance de feu en interne de leur infanterie. Celle-ci manœuvre avec leurs chars mais est-ce suffisant ?

S'ils se portent sur un 30mm, ils auront accès à deux choses : la fonction air-burst et les munitions 40mm SuperShot. Passer à ce calibre serait déjà un gain en puissance de feu pour les unités en ASLAV-25. Pour l'infanterie actuellement sur M113AS4, ce sera une véritable révolution vis-à-vis de leur simple 12,7mm.

Choisir du 40CTA, garantirait pour les australiens une puissance de feu maximale mais se poseraient alors plusieurs questions de coût.

Le 40CTA est forcément ce qu'il y a de plus cher tant à l'achat de l'arme que des munitions. Le canon Mk44 de 30/40mm est lui déjà en production depuis longtemps. La tentation serait alors grande de ne se doter de cette arme que pour remplacer la Reco sur ASLAV-25. L'infanterie mécanisée resterait alors sur leur actuelle faiblesse en puissance de feu.

Si un calibre particulier est choisi pour l'infanterie, l'armée australienne passera à côté d'économie d'échelle sur la maintenance, la logistique et la formation.

Le 40CTA est remarquable mais cher. De leur côté, les canons-automatiques en 30/40mm offrent des perspectives intéressantes.

Le 40 SuperShot, même s'il est poussif vis-à-vis du 40CTA, a des qualités de perforation crédibles pour longtemps. Les explos air-burst comme classiques sont des obus de 40mm et ça fait très mal. De plus, ces canons, sur le long terme offrent un calibre à coût contenu pour l'entraînement, le 30mm, et un autre plus cher pour le combat, le 40mm.

Or, changer de calibre pose toujours problème car il faut simultanément acheter les armes avec les munitions nécessaires à l'entraînement des hommes et celui de constitution du stock de guerre. Le choix du 40CTA impose alors un coût très élevé dès le début de l'acquisition. Dans le cas du 30/40, il peut avoir une approche en deux temps. Le temps 1, on n'achète avec les canons que du 30mm pour les stocks entraînement et guerre. Au temps 2, on n'achète plus que du stock guerre en 40mm et les 30 basculent en entraînement.

Le 30/40mm a un autre avantage sur le 40CTA : on en stock beaucoup en châssis. Comme la place manque toujours pour un VCI, ce n'est pas un petit argument. Avoir un gros calibre, c'est bien. Mais si c'est pour avoir des obus sans infanterie ou une infanterie sans obus, alors on rate l'objectif.

Le choix du 40CTA ferait qu'il y aurait 130 canons au plus d'alignés. Avec le 30/40mm, on passe à une cible de plus de 200 canons automatiques. Je ne crois pas un instant qu'ils achètent du 40CTA pour leur infanterie. Les seuls à la faire seront les britanniques. On trouvera peut être de pays exportateur de pétrole mais ça s'arrêtera là.

En conclusion, même si ce calibre est le moins puissant, le 30/40mm est le choix de raison face au 40CTA. Il permettrait une vrai montée en puissance de l'armée australienne.

Après le choix du calibre, viendra celui de la tourelle.

Je ne pense pas qu'ils se tournent vers du teleopéré. En pays chaud, on aime ouvrir des volets.

Edited by Serge
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Land 400 tender: SA fights for $10 billion defence contract


The Advertiser

March 09, 2015 5:30PM


Defence Minister Kevin Andrews with ASLAV Commander Lieutenant-Corporal Johnathon Brew in an ASLAV-25. Picture: Jay Town

SOUTH Australia is in the midst of a crucial four-month bid for one of the country’s most lucrative defence contracts.

The battle between global defence companies fighting for the $10 billion job to make up to 700 new armoured vehicles for the Australian Army has begun.

“This is it,” Defence Teaming Centre chief executive officer Chris Burns says. “It’s absolutely critical — if a partnering doesn’t happen with the tenderers, South Australia will miss out on another opportunity.”

Defence Minister Kevin Andrews recently announced that work on the first 225 combat reconnaissance vehicles for the Land 400 project was open for tender.

Of the 10 or so companies expected to bid in the next four months, there will only be two or three left standing at the year’s end.

Ministers and Defence SA staff have spent the past four years travelling the globe to meet the contenders, spruiking the state’s advantages and promising to build a dedicated land combat precinct if they consider channelling work to the state.

The odds of winning

There is some promise.

Three of the strongest contenders, BAE Systems, General Dynamics and potentially Rheinmetall MAN Military Vehicles, all have a presence in SA.

BAE Systems, whose Australian headquarters are in Adelaide, has teamed with Finnish company Patria to put forward the Patria 8x8 Armoured Modular Vehicle.

And BAE’s Land and Integrated Systems director Graeme Bent says they will “seek Australian manufacturing and supply chain involvement”.

“Patria AMV is a very capable and battle-proven vehicle, which has been selected by seven nations,” he says.


An ASLAV — an Australian Light Armoured Vehicle, with a 25mm cannon. Picture: Peter Cronin

“Our primary objective is to establish the in-country capability to sustain the Australian Patria AMV fleet throughout its service life.”

He says the vehicle has been successfully manufactured in countries outside of Finland and “has a strong track record of technology transfer to user nations”.

“This demonstrates that given the right economic conditions, the design of the platform allows for cost-effective, localised manufacture,” Mr Bent said.

And Mr Bent also pointed to a solid track record of BAE working in SA.

“We have previously delivered more than 1200 military and other protected vehicles from our SA facilities, and last year procured $650 million worth of work from 2000 suppliers.”

But there’s fierce competition

Queensland is interested in snaffling work and Geelong in Victoria has launched a high-profile campaign to lure bidders, holding public meetings, lobbying primes and winning $5 million in Victorian government support for a dedicated defence procurement office.

Flamboyant Geelong Mayor Darryn Lyons has claimed his city is best placed to deliver the combat vehicles saying its closing Ford and Alcoa sites were prime spots for advanced manufacturing.

When Defence Minister Kevin Andrews announced the tender for the off-the-shelf vehicles was open last week, he was in Victoria with MP Sarah Henderson at his shoulder, claiming she would “fight tooth and nail” to support Geelong and Corangamite’s bid.

This week Avalon Airshow is happening near Geelong, and all the major defence primes are there.

So too is South Australia’s Defence Industries Minister Martin Hamilton-Smith, busy meeting all the Land 400 contenders.


Gellon Mayor Darryn Lyons explains Geelong’s Land 400 bid to former defence minister David Johnston.

“It’s huge for advanced manufacturing and an opportunity in combat vehicles and combat systems integration,” Mr Hamilton-Smith says.

“We have talked to all consortia.”

He believes the right Land 400 deal could secure 30 years of advanced manufacturing and sustainment work for South Australians with the acquisition phase alone valued at more than $10 billion.

“Having built more armoured fighting vehicles than any other state in Australia, we have the track record, skills and supply chain,” Mr Hamilton-Smith says.

“It has the potential to create hundreds and hundreds of jobs.”

But he says the potential is hampered by the Federal Government failing to make tenderers promise that a set amount of work would be completed in Australia.

Instead, Mr Andrews chose to say they “will be asked to look at how than can maximise local industry content”.

“So we don’t know when they make the decision whether it will simply be about parking and putting numberplates on at the dock or whether it will be helping assemble or whether it will be assembling and manufacturing some of the componentry here,” Mr Hamilton-Smith said.

Whatever it involves, the companies chosen for the final round must make a serious commitment to the job.

Each is required to produce two vehicles, worth about $10 million each, so they can be driven, tested — and even blown up — by the army.

The state’s defence team says it must be intricately linked to the process.


SA Defence Industries Minister Martin Hamilton-Smith.

“We want to be the location for the consolidation of those vehicles,” Mr Burns said.

LAND 400 Phase II

Federal Defence Minister Kevin Andrews has opened the tender for the multi-billion dollar project to replace the Australian Defence Force’s Australian Light Armoured Vehicle (ASLAV) with 225 Combat Reconnaissance Vehicles.

Companies have four months to bid, and a short list of two to three companies was expected by the end of 2015.

The Combat Reconnaissance Vehicles will replace the existing fleet of Australian Light Armoured Vehicles, manufactured and supported by General Dynamics Land Systems in South Australia.

This would be followed by Infantry Fighting Vehicles to replace the M113 Armoured Personnel Carriers, also produced locally by BAE Systems Australia, and Manoeuvre Support Vehicles.


M113 armoured personnel carrier and Australian Light Armoured Vehicles programs were managed from SA

Users of up to a third of the Land 400 vehicles are based in Edinburgh.

SA’s Cultana Training Area is Australia’s top venue for Land 400 manoeuvres.

State Government has promised to fund a dedicated land combat system precinct

Edited by Serge

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Montage industriel pour le programme Land-400 phase-2

BAE and Saab Australia join forces in a bid to create new Australian jobs


BAE Systems today signed a memorandum of understanding with Saab Australia to maximise Australian industry involvement in its bid for a major combat vehicle program.

BAE Systems is the prime contractor pursuing Defence program Land 400 Phase 2 Mounted Combat Reconnaissance Capability with Patria of Finland. Saab products are inherent in the vehicle design. Joining forces with Saab Australia will allow the BAE Systems-Patria team to substantially exceed the 200 Australian advanced manufacturing jobs and $100m in supply chain value already identified by the team for the manufacturing phase of the program. The vehicles will then be sustained in Australia for the next 30 years.

Graeme Bent, BAE Systems Australia’s Director – Land & Integrated Systems, said: “With Land 400, BAE Systems seeks to strengthen Australia’s advanced manufacturing capability and maximise Australian industry involvement within its supply chain. Our offer will replicate overseas success for manufacturing and sustaining the Patria Armoured Modular Vehicle (AMV), in Australia. The vehicle has been successfully manufactured in countries outside of Finland and has a strong track record for technology transfer to user nations”.

Under the proposed solution, BAE Systems and Patria will fully satisfy the Army’s requirements by bringing together combined strengths in the global armoured combat vehicle market. The two companies will transfer intellectual property and design artefacts for manufacture, sustainment and upgrades throughout the vehicle’s life of type. Saab will provide key sub-systems and in-service support and will further develop Australian capability in the combat vehicle market.

Dean Rosenfield, Saab Australia’s Managing Director, added: “Saab is delighted to draw on its global expertise and experience to provide key sub-systems into the BAE Systems-Patria solution for Land 400. Saab already has a significant presence in Australia and this collaboration will enable us to further grow our business in the Land domain. Land 400 provides additional opportunities for local manufacture, assembly, integration and in-service support that will not only assist us to achieve these aspirations but will be vital in growing local industry capability to effectively deliver and support combat vehicles for the ADF”.

The team will finalise its proposal for bid submission before providing additional information about the contribution of Australian industry.

Source : BAE Systems PLC (LSE: BAES.L)

Published on ASDNews: Jul 6, 2015

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BAE Systems submits Land 400 Phase 2 bid

(Source: BAE Systems; issued Sept 3, 2015)

As prime contractor, the Company has teamed with Patria to offer the AMV35 Combat Reconnaissance Vehicle (CRV) under Phase 2 of the Land 400 Program.

The solution combines Patria’s Armoured Modular Vehicle (AMV) and BAE Systems Hägglunds’ E35 turret system. Both are qualified and in service with NATO nations.

The Patria AMV has been selected by seven nations with more than 1,400 contracted vehicles. The platform has attained a strong combat reputation, chiefly based on the strength of its operational performance with the Polish Army in Afghanistan.

The BAE Systems-Hägglunds manned turret system is fitted to the successful CV90 family of infantry fighting vehicles operated by seven nations. It has been used on UN and NATO missions across the globe, including Afghanistan. The unique features of the E35 turret provide the AMV35 with real battlefield advantage for Australian soldiers through game-changing levels of accuracy and weight of fire.

BAE Systems Australia Chief Executive Glynn Phillips said: “The AMV35 is a low risk and affordable step change in mounted combat reconnaissance that can be easily configured to suit the Army’s expectations now and into the future.

“We look forward to being the given the chance to demonstrate the exceptional capabilities of this armoured vehicle system.”

If selected, the BAE Systems/Patria team will manufacture and support the AMV35 in Australia, securing and retaining in-country capability, and contributing significantly to the Australian economy throughout the expected 30+ year life of the vehicles.

The BAE Systems-led team is committed to ensuring a high level of Australian content and industry capability development. The decision to manufacture the vehicle in Australia assures that there will be opportunities for involvement and content for Australian suppliers.

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On parlait l'autre jour de la solution innovante qu'avait testé le Vextra: une solution similaire a t elle été mise en oeuvre dans la concurrence ?

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Je ne sais pas si les trains de roulement des compétiteurs sont comparable à ce que fut le Vextra.

Point sur la candidature du Boxer :


Edited by Serge

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Je ne sais pas si les trains de roulement des compétiteurs sont comparable à ce que fut le Vextra.

En fait visuellement je les trouve tous bien hauts, donc j'aurai tendance à penser que non, mais bon, j'y connais rien ^^

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comme toujours c'est soit le patria amv ou le mowag piranha qui remportera l'appel d'offre comme un peu partout en europe ...

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Le concurrent allemand ressemble à cela :


Et cela :


Dommage que l'on ne voit pas le VBCI sur cette compétition.

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Pourquoi Nexter s'était retiré ?

Surtout après avoir présenté son VBCI 2 avec la tourelle T40 ...

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La participation à de tels appels d'offre impose de s'associer avec des entreprises locales pour y assurer la production.

Il se peut que Nexter n'ait tout simplement aucun réseau sur lequel s'appuyer.

C'est dommage car le 40CTA est un très bon calibre pour un véhicule de Reco. Même si on peut mettre en doute la pertinence d'avoir un CVR en 8x8 de 30t.

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Voici la proposition de GD avec son LAV-6.0 et la tourelle téléopérées MCT avec canon de 30 :


Pour rappel, la présélection des trois candidats devait être faite fin mars. La date du 21 était avancée.

Quand on voit que les candidats proposent ou du canon de 30 ou de 35mm, ou une tourelle habitée ou téléopérée, c'est à se demander si les australiens savent ce qu'ils veulent.

Edited by Serge

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Arrivée des deux AMV-35 :


First two Armoured Modular Vehicles has arrived in Australia

May 26, 2016431

AMV35 in Australia (c) Aus Defence Magazine ‏@austdefence

BAE System’s first two 30 tonne Armoured Modular Vehicles has arrived in Australia and ready for its battle to win a place in the Land 400 down select.

Head of Land Systems Ian Smith said the lethal AMV35s headlined the company’s bid to build 225 new armoured vehicles for the Australian Army in the Land 400 contract worth up to $10 billion, that reported by

They arrived in Adelaide after their platform was built by Patria in Finland and a BAE Systems turret was fitted in Sweden, and they were ready to be handed over to the army for testing and evaluation if BAE Systems moves to the next stage.

Last month, the Federal Government put the down select announcement on hold, so Mr Smith said in the meantime the two completed vehicles would be transported around the country and used to engage 65 Australian suppliers it had identified to be potentially involved in the project.

AMV35 8×8 combat reconnaisance armoured vehicle (c)
The AMV35 is an 8×8 combat reconnaissance armoured vehicle jointly developed by the Defence Companies Patria and BAE Systems.

“And we’re testing them out of transit from Sweden ensuring they are ready to go to participate in the 12 month test and evaluation process,” Mr Smith said.

The vehicles are 8m long, 3.5m high and just less than 3m wide with the BAE Systems turret fitted to meet army requirements. A third vehicle is in Sweden waiting for shipment if BAE Systems is successful in the down select for the Land 400 Phase Two project.

The AMV35 will be fitted with BAE Systems-Hägglunds’ E35 turret which is used on the tracked armoured vehicle CV90 family, which is called CV9035.

The BAE Systems E35 is a two-man turret armed with a 35mm dual-feed automatic cannon Bushmaster III which has a rate of fire 150 – 200 rds/min. The CV9035 has 2 belts of 35 rounds each loaded in the main gun, which is what should be expected from the AMV 35 CRV as well.

A total of 140 further rounds are stored inside the CV9035, a similar number of additional ammunition might be stored in the AMV 35 CRV.A 7.62mm coaxial machine is mounted to the left side of the main armament. The turret also carries six 76-mm grenade launchers, which are arranged in two clusters of three launchers mounted on each side of the turret.


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